EBM. Electron Beam Melting

electron beam melting - EBM

The Electron Beam Melting (EBM) allows the freeform production of Titanium and its alloys (such as Ti64) or the Chrome-Cobalt (CrCbMo) alloys parts through high vacuum chamber and melting process starting from a bed of metal powder.

The powder is preheated and then melted utilizing an electron beam.
In Electron Beam Melting (EBM) the electrons are accelerated up to 150.000 Km/sec and then used to draw a representative layer of the part.

The Electron Beam Melting (EBM) main advantages are:

  • The realization of extremely complex geometry and related structures directly from CAD 3D file.
  • The obtained part has metallurgic characteristics similar to heat treated material that allows to avoid heat treatment phases, saving costs and time.
  • The process of removing gating and feeding as well as chemical milling are not necessary since the part production does not occur in a ceramic shell.
  • The time to market of the product goes from months (for traditional technologies) to a few days (6-10) making it possible to obtain several different solutions for a project in a shorter time.

The sectors that mostly appreciate the advantages of Electron Beam Melting (EBM) are:

  • Aerospace and aeronautic (variable density system);
  • Biomedical (trabecular structures to maximize the bone migration in prostheses);
  • Motorsport (in frame construction to reduce time for the production of very complex shapes using these high-performance materials).

After studies carried out by CRP Meccanica on the Electron Beam Melting (EBM) technology important results were obtained about its usually anisotropic morphological structure: with the last development applied to the CRP Meccanica’s process the metal structure is isotropic like the casting technology, making the parts more reliable and resistant and therefore for the first time they can be used for safety static applications. Electron Beam Melting dynamic applications are still in course of study.

The data coming from CRP Meccanica internal research state:

  • Elastic Modulus: 113.8 GPa
  • UTS Mpa: 1033
  • YS 0,2 Mpa : 973
  • Elongation: 15,6 %

Electron Beam Melting machines Job Dimensions are: 210X210X400mm